Botanical Name: Pisum sativum, Avena sativa
Days to Maturity: 56 days
Family: PEAS: Fabaceae; OATS: Poaceae
Native: PEAS: Africa, Asia, Europe. OATS: Unknown
Hardiness: Frost-tolerant annuals
Plant Dimensions: PEAS: 3’–5′ vines OATS: 4′ tall
Variety Information: Soil Builder is most beneficial when grown as a fall cover crop. In fall, the oats and peas benefit from the cool weather but are killed by winter cold and do not regrow in spring. The dead plant material provides a wonderful winter mulch that helps prevent soil erosion and will be ready to till into the garden as soon as soil can be worked in spring. Field peas are climbing vines. Oats produce tall grass-like plants. The peas and oats in this mix are best used as a cover crop and are not good as edible varieties.
Exposure: Full sun
When to Sow Outside: Fall: 6 to 8 weeks before first fall frost, and when temperatures are below 80°F. Spring: As soon as soil can be worked and soil temperature is at least 40°F. Mild Climates: Sow in fall or winter for growth during the cool season.
When to Start Inside: Not applicable.
Days to Emerge: 7–14 days
Seed Depth: 1″
Seed Spacing: Scatter seeds about 3″ apart
Thinning: Not required